Today our article travels to Istanbul, the oldest city in the world and the most beautiful and largest city in Turkey Istanbul is also remembered in history as Constantinople Istanbul is the only city in the world located on two continents 70% of Istanbul comes from Asia and 30% from continental Europe
Istanbul is located between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea The city is built on various small and big hills And a mosque has been built on the top of each hill Istanbul is the 5th largest city in Turkey in terms of population and the 5th largest city in the world and also the largest city in Europe.
Istanbul is also a trading center of Turkey and Europe The city was built in 660 BC The city has also been the capital of the Byzantine, Roman, Latin and Ottoman Empires In 1453, the city was conquered and turned into a stronghold of Islam Istanbul remained the capital of the Ottoman Empire until 1930 and its old name was Constantinople.
And after 1930, it was renamed Istanbul And the capital was given to Ankara
The total area of Istanbul is 2576 square kilometers
The city of Istanbul has a total population of 1.6 billion And it is the first most populous city in Turkey and the 5th largest in the world The area code for Istanbul in Europe is 212 and the area code for Istanbul in Asia is 216.
The city is considered a tourist paradise due to its modern architecture and ancient sites Millions of tourists visit this city every year to see the beauty of this city.
Most Europeans visit this city
Due to its connection to Europe, the city has a strong European color Istanbul’s highest point is 945 feet above sea level Istanbul has twice experienced the worst earthquakes in the world An earthquake in 1509 devastated the city, killing 10,000 people A previous earthquake in 1999 killed at least 18,000 people
98% of Istanbul’s population lives in the city, with 64.9% Europeans and 35.1% Asians. Istanbul is the 24th largest city in the world in terms of population and the 18th largest city in the metro area.
In Turkey, Istanbul ranks first in terms of annual population Ethnically, the city is home to Turkish, Armenian, Spanish and many other immigrants.
Istanbul has the largest number of Sunni Muslims Other religions include Christianity and Judaism As a business and commercial center, Istanbul plays an important role in the country’s development Its main products include olive oil, tobacco, automobiles and various electronics. Tourism in Istanbul is also considered an important part of the country’s development The development of the country is increasing with the arrival of millions of tourists every year The city includes approximately 17 historic palaces, 64 mosques, and 49 churches The city adds country 30 million to its annual revenue Istanbul is also known as the city of ancient sports clubs in Turkey Sports such as volleyball, motorcycle racing, boating, and sailing are popular in the city. Istanbul has two international airports
From where domestic and international flights are operated
Ataturk Airport is located 24 km west of the city Sabiha International Airport is located 45 km from the city center These airports are among the 30 most popular and busiest airports in the world Founded in 1453, Istanbul University is the city’s oldest educational institution Founded in 1773, Istanbul Technical University is the third oldest university in the world Turkish, German, English and French are widely spoken in Istanbul
Raw Brut College in Istanbul was built in 1863 by an Englishman, Christopher Roberts Which still exists today The literacy rate in Istanbul is 96.17% Depending on the season, the fog is very heavy in Istanbul
Being in the middle of two seas, the humidity in the air is high
Rain is usually expected with thunderstorms in summer The city receives an average annual rainfall of 810 mm The maximum temperature in the city is 40.5 degrees Celsius.
If we talk about the historical and tourist places of Istanbul, the name of the Blue Mosque comes first.
The name of this mosque is Sultan Ahmed It is also called the Blue Mosque It is the only mosque in the world with six minarets
The mosque was completed in 1909 This mosque is a rare opportunity for Turkish architecture
It has blue tiles on the inner walls That is why it is called the Blue Mosque
The Cannon Palace is also home to former Ottoman rulers It is built in the middle of a very large garden There are several sections of the building, including the Treasury Building, the Throne Room, the Baghdadi Exhibition Room and the Library, as well as many other important items. The interior of the dome of this building is decorated with embroidery of vines
This game is located on the edge of phosphorus.
The palace was built in 1850 AD The throne room is decorated with fine carpets and furniture The last king of Turkey lived in this palace
Ghazi Atatرکrk’s death also took place in the same palace. Today the building is used as the residence of official guests. Incumbent President Tayyip Erdogan stays in the same building during his visit to Istanbul. Sulaimaniyah Mosque is the largest mosque in Istanbul. The mosque was named after the Sultan of Turkey
The mosque was completed in 1957 The largest dome of the mosque is 159 feet high and 96 feet round
In this mosque, 10,000 people can pray at a time Masjid Ayub is named after Hazrat Ayub Ansari In the middle of it is the court of Hazrat Ayub Fateh Mosque was built in 1462 The mosque was severely damaged by an earthquake in 1750 Kalata Tower is a very old building that is said to have been built when Janus occupied Istanbul. At that time this building was also known as Prophet Moses (peace be upon him). The height of this tower is 200 feet
Along with this, a monument of independence was built in 1928 The Atatرکrk Museum is considered an example throughout Turkey, including Istanbul
The Phosphorus Bridge is your example This is the bridge that connects the two continents, Europe and Asia
The bridge was also renamed the Martyrs’ Bridge in 2016 The bridge was completed in 1973 and is one mile long Aya Sophia is the site that has been the largest church in the world for 1000 years And after conquering Constantinople in 1453, the Ottomans converted it into a mosque. In 1935, Kamal Ataturk turned it into a museum
It is one of the oldest buildings in the world
The building is a World Heritage Site
Crane Bazaar is the largest market in the world, located at approximately 3000 square feet. There are about 5,000 shops in this market 50% of which are shops built in the 5th century AD.
About 300,000 people visit this market daily In addition to these places, there are many parks, churches and palaces in Istanbul. Which attracts people who are interested in sightseeing.