who was joseph Stalin and what kind of ruler was he. He was so selfish that he let his son die in captivity. So cruel that more than 20 million people died because of it.
Interestingly, when the news of the enemy’s attack was received, he fainted. But those men were called Iron Steel or Stalin. And this was Joseph Stalin, the iron man of Soviet Russia. But the main purpose of this post is who Joseph Stalin was and what kind of ruler was he. Joseph Stalin, one of the most famous leaders of Soviet Russia, was neither Russian nor Stalin was his real name. He was Georgian and his name was Joseph Daghazubi.
Stalin’s word was later added to his name. Stalin was born in the beautiful village of Gauri on the banks of the Mitt River, Georgia’s most famous river.
Now this village has become a city.
His village was beautiful, but Stein himself was not.
Signs of smallpox had made his face ugly. Stalin was poor. Stalin’s father was a cobbler. He drank and beat Stalin to death. Stalin’s mother was a laundress and she used to wash people’s clothes and contribute to the household expenses. But Stalin’s mother regretted that her husband was an incompetent alcoholic, but her son did not think so. On the contrary, the younger Joseph used to beat the boys of the village. Or he used to commit petty thefts. Joseph Stalin had formed a small gang of thieves. Of which he himself was the leader. And his disciples called him So so. The boys of this group would run away from the shops carrying food, drink, fruits and other things. When someone chased them, they would jump into the river Mitt Kauri and swim to the other side of the river. Stalin’s parents were poor, but they wanted to make their son a priest, not a thief.
So they introduced 14-year-old Stalin to a mother in the Georgian capital, Tbilisi. Stein’s parents believed that his son’s help would save him from the company of wandering friends. And by following the path of religion, the Hereafter of the parents will also be improved. But the germs of rebellion in Stalin’s chest could not be crushed by the harshness of the teachers. One day he bought figs from a shop. The shopkeeper wrapped the figs in a piece of paper.
The paper was actually a propaganda pamphlet of Russian revolutionaries. It was written by Communist leader Vladimir Lenin. Stalin read the pamphlet and put it in his pocket. As he approached the hostel room, a strange situation awaited him. Secret police were searching his room. Police said Stalin was involved in anti- government activities. Maybe they knew about the pamphlet Stalin had. Maybe they didn’t know that the pamphlet was still in Stalin’s pocket. For some reason, the police did not search for Stalin and found nothing in the room. After a while, he left. After his departure, Stalin burned the pamphlet. But his rebellious nature was influenced by what he wrote against the government. He knew that communists were influenced by Marx’s ideology. So he secretly started reading Call Marks books. Call Marx’s ideology was against religious traditions, so when his teachers found out that Stalin was reading Call Marx’s books, they expelled him from the institution.
After being expelled from aid, Stalin began to do small things to earn a living. In 1899, Stalin worked as a clerk at the Tbilisi Observatory. But in the meantime, Stalin had established close ties with the Communists. He had become a member of Russia’s Social Democratic Labor Party. But he was heartened by a faction of the party that was more impressed by Bal Chowk. This faction was led by Vladimir Lenin. The Balchok faction believed in armed struggle.
And Stalin’s rebellious nature also favored covert activities and assassinations. So both of them started to freeze. In 1901, Stalin launched a newspaper called People’s Struggle. Which was published secretly from a shop in the city of Baku.
Stalin’s articles were published in this newspaper, which made him famous Then he went to Batum and in 1902 there were three successful strikes of factory workers.. With these strikes he became so famous that his name began to be counted among the big names of the party. In 1903 he became an active member of the Balchok faction.
Given his fame, Lenin took him under his tutelage.
In other words, Stalin became the second great leader in Lenin after Lenin. What Stalin did in the party was not political at all. His biggest responsibility is not to rob. He would rob the bank and deposit the stolen money in the party fund. That is why it was named Koba. In Georgia, Ba was a hero like Robin Hood who robbed the rich and distributed the money to the poor. So now Gauri’s Soso had become the Communist’s Koba.
But now he had to get a new name. He was the male iron man of steel or Stalin. Between 1903 and 1913, Stalin was arrested seven times.
And many times he was deported to Siberia. There were large prisons in Siberia where large dangerous prisoners were kept And hard work was taken from them.. But by 1913, whenever Stalin was sent to Siberian concentration camps, he escaped and returned.
People gave it a new name because it endured the hardships of Siberia. In Russian, steel is called stall. On this occasion people started calling him Stalin. He now had three titles: Soso, Koba and Stalin. But in history he became known as Stalin.
In 1912 the Balchevic faction split from the Social Democrats. The Communist Party had now become a separate party in the name of the Soviet Union. Lenin made Stalin a member of the center committee of the new party. But the following year, in 1913, Russian police arrested him and sent him to a Siberian prison. This time Stalin was imprisoned for four years. When the Russian Revolution came again in 1917, Stalin. Then escaped from prison. In the same year, 1917, the Soviet Party seized power. Stalin’s power in the new government increased even more. But Stalin’s greatest achievement came five years later in 1922.
When Lenin created the post of Secretary General of the party, he gave it to Stalin. A few years after Stalin became Secretary-General, Lenin suffered a hemorrhage. Then he died within two years.
But before he died, he was strongly opposed to Stalin’s dictatorial views. He had criticized Stalin in his secret letter. That Stalin should be removed from the post of General Secretary. But the letter somehow got into Stalin’s hands and did not allow it to reach the people concerned. After Lenin’s death, there were now two candidates for his successor, Stalin and the head of the Red Army, Leon Trotsky. But Trotsky did not have much support in the party’s Central Committee.
who was joseph Stalin and what kind of ruler was he
But Stalin first met Trotsky in 1926. He was expelled from the party and then expelled from Soviet Russia in 1929. Then in 1940 a man was killed in Mexico with an ice-breaker. After the expulsion of Trotsky from the party in 1926, Stalin had a complete grip on power.
Stalin was a dangerous dictator. It announced the nationalization of the land by Soviet Russia.
The Russian government ordered farmers to keep their land and build large farms. And 90 percent of whatever crops are grown on these farms will be kept by the Russian government and the remaining 10 percent will go to farmers. It was a very cruel decision.
It was also against the spirit of communism.
Communism aims to bring more benefits to workers and peasants. But Stalin was bent on snatching the lands of the peasants. The farmers revolted against the decision. Farmers burned their crops and even killed cattle. The crop that was there was hidden in the graves. But he refused to give it all to the government.
At this Stalin became enraged and declared war on the Kulaks.
At Stalin’s behest, the Red Army killed 3 million peasants in their own country. Many farmers were sent to Siberian derivation camps. These camps were called Kulaks and a few lucky people survived. After crushing the peasants, Stalin nationalized 99% of the land. The government built large agricultural farms on this land.
Now in Russia, earlier this year, due to less rain, crops were scarce and famine was spreading in the country.
Even in government farms, the government used to take a large part of the small crop.
And this part was given or exported to the urban populations. At one time the farmers had nothing left to eat.
The result was that between 1930 and 1933, 6 million people starved to death.
In just 10 years, 1.7 billion farmers were forced to leave the countryside and work in the cities. But that was not all that was going to happen, it was even worse.
In 1934, Stalin ordered the assassination of all opponents in his party and army. As a result, 93 of the 139 members of the Communist Party’s Central Committee were killed. Of the army’s 103, 81 military generals and admirals were killed.
One million Communist Party workers out of a million were pushed to the brink of death. In this era of oppression, the people also fell asleep. 20 million people sent to Siberian training camps in opposition to Stalin’s party. From where one crore people went to the brink of death. One of Stalin’s atrocities against his people was in Chechnya and Ingushetia.
Both were Russian states but continued to protest against Russian occupation. The total population of the two states, which was 500,000 , was arrested in February 1944. Old and sick people were shot at the same time. And the rest were deported to various Central Asian states.
They were allowed to return home 13 years later when Stein had a cold. By then, not even half of the survivors were in exile.
That is, Stalin is accused of directly or indirectly killing 20 million people, including farmers. The media was also completely banned under Stalin. Nothing but praise of the government was published in the media. This policy is known as the Iron Curtain. But Stalin was not alone in this oppression. At that time, Stalin was not alone in oppressing the world, but an even greater oppressor was waking up Europe.
Both Stalin and Hitler wanted to occupy Europe.
It was possible that this attempt would lead to war in Germany and Soviet Russia, but Stalin feared. That if he started a war with Germany, the people who are closer to him should not overthrow him. Hitler, on the other hand, also wanted to deal with Britain and France before the Soviet Union.
So Hitler and Stalin acted expediently and the two agreed not to fight each other.
Stalin also started supplying wheat to Germany and helped Germany invade Poland. But Hitler was secretly planning an attack on Russia. On June 22, 1941, the German army invaded Soviet Russia. When Stalin was informed of this sudden attack, he fainted from fear. After regaining consciousness, Stalin remained in a state of insanity for a week. He overcame himself with great difficulty and began to prepare the Russian nation for war on the radio. The Russian people, who had previously been against Stalin, now considered him a defensive hero of Hitler’s war. The Russian nation under Stalin fought in World War II.
25 million people lost their lives in this war. Including Stalin’s son Jacob.
But Stalin’s relationship with Jacob is not described as good.
Once he attempted suicide, he often taunted Jacob with cowardice. Jacob was an artillery officer in the Russian army when Hitler invaded Russia. On July 16, 1941, Jacob was captured by the German army.
When Germany offered Stalin the release of a German prisoner in exchange for his son, he refused. Two years later, Stalin’s son Jacob died in German captivity. It is also said that the Germans shot him in an attempt to escape. Stalin continued his war against Germany
In 1941, when the German army advanced on the Russian capital, Moscow, Stalin fell. Siberian troops of Stalin’s army defeated the German army near Moscow.
Stalin ordered that anyone who could carry a Russian gun, regardless of age, join the Russian army. So practically all the Russians took part in this war. That is why this war is called patriotism in Russia.
Stalin’s greatest victory against the Germans was the Stalin Grand. The city was named after Stalin.
During the war against Stalin, it became very cold. Russian soldiers were accustomed to the cold weather, but it was too cold for the German army. Therefore, the Germans suffered severe hardships. On February 2, 1943, near Stalingrad, 90,000 German soldiers surrendered. After that, the German army was defeated. Stalin’s army also captured the German capital, Berlin, in April 1945. Hitler committed suicide. Stalin had defeated his rival dictator Hitler.
And Soviet Russia had become the world’s second superpower under Stalin. Rather, the whole of Europe was at the mercy of Stalin. By the end of World War II, Stalin had conquered all of Europe, from the Russian border to East Germany. He brought more than two dozen scientists to Soviet Russia. Scientists had turned Soviet Russia into an atomic bomb. In addition, Stalin provided arms to China’s Mao Zedong and sent Russian fighter jets to help North Korea and China.
Stalin, the killer of millions of people, suffered a sudden brain hemorrhage on March 1, 1973 at 8 am.
Doctors tried to save him for four days, but Stalin’s heartbeat did not return to normal. Stalin died in March, but his death was announced a day later. Mourning was observed throughout Russia for four days.
Then, on March 9, Stalin’s last rites were performed with full military honors. On this occasion all work in the whole of Soviet Russia was stopped. In Kremlin, Stalin was placed with Lenin. In 1961, Stalin’s body was exhumed and placed in a cemetery where many Russian leaders are buried. Stalin was a dictator who killed millions of his countrymen. But in 2019, according to a BBC report, more than half of Russians still consider Stalin their national hero.