Who was Martin Luther King?Who was Martin Luther King? In this article we tell you who Martin Luther King Jr. was and how he fought and won the war for the rights of black Americans. And after this war he was beaten.
Rosa Parks, a black woman, boarded a bus in the US state of Alabama on December 1, 1955. Shortly afterwards, a white man arrived on the bus and the driver told Rosa Parks to vacate the seat.
The driver turned Roger over to the police. The incident made the city’s black leaders realize that they should fight for their rights, not fear.
Among those leaders was Martin Luther King, Jr., a Georgia-based black church leader.
Martin Luther had faced this injustice with Rosa Parks many times. He appealed to blacks to boycott buses. Blacks did the same and started walking instead of sitting in buses.
Martin was also arrested for the boycott, but he did not give up. The boycott lasted for a year. The boycott drove the transporter bankrupt. Eventually the transporter took Harman
They agreed that no white person would pick up a black person from a bus seat. The boycott ended after the transporter’s assurance Martin had his own car, but he got on the bus as a symbol of black victory Martin Luther King won the first battle against racism Martin Luther King Jr. fought this battle on the principle of Mahatma Gandhi, the principle of non-violence.
He considered Mahatma Gandhi as his role model
After this success, Luther formed a civil group Called the Southern Christian Church Leaders Conference Which was called SCLC. From this platform, Martin Luther King, Jr. fought a never-ending battle for blacks.
In this struggle he had to travel to many American cities
And he would get a new challenge in every city
The Lincoln Memorial is located near the Washington DC White House
It features a giant statue of Lincoln
On May 17, 1957, Martin Luther King addressed thousands of people in front of the statue In his address, Martin Luther King, Jr. called on then-US President Eisenhower to play a role in giving equal rights to blacks in the United States. Eisenhower did not comply with Martin’s request, but Luther did not give up.
He spoke out for the rights of blacks In 1959 he moved to Atlanta, his hometown of Georgia The city was also the headquarters of his civil rights organization In Atlanta, Martin joined a student movement
Black and sympathetic white students started a movement Students from this movement would go to department stores and sit at counters reserved for whites.
The point was to show that it is wrong to have separate counters for whites The operation took place in several US cities, but police began arresting the students
Martin Luther was also arrested on October 19, 1960, at a department store When presented to the judge, he said the protest was to draw attention to racial injustice.
Martin was released five days later, but was re-arrested on May 4 for driving under the influence
His legs were chained and he was taken to a prison two miles away Proponents of her case have been working to make the actual transcript of this statement available online But fortunately for Martin, elections were taking place in the United States in those days
Both presidential candidates appealed to Martin for help
Kennedy was ready to help Martin John F. Kennedy’s brother, a lawyer, called the judge and released Martin on bail Martin’s bail made the majority of blacks support John F. Kennedy
He also voted in the presidential election
Martin is released. The lunch counter movement has resumed Separate counters for whites and blacks were eventually abolished in several US cities.
Martin won another black battle peacefully Martin then chose a city for his movement whose police were always ready to crush the black movement. Bill Corner was the Commissioner of Police in the Birmingham area of Alabama
This man was notorious for his racism
He also openly threatened protesters
Martin started the movement when police pounced on protesters on the order of virgins
Police also charged batons and used dogs to intimidate him
500 people, including women, were sent to jail
Dogs were also released on those marching towards Costa Hall on April 6 Then, during a demonstration, Martin was caught by Connor
He arrested Martin and put him in a cell There was no possibility of light coming in except for a small lighthouse
Martin spent a week in prison During this time he wrote a letter to his supporters
He did not have paper so he kept writing on toilet paper and blank pages of newspaper.
“People should break unjust laws,” he wrote
But we must also be prepared to be punished for breaking the law The cell in which Martin was imprisoned has been rebuilt and preserved.
Martin came out a week later, but the police brutality was growing Police took away an opportunity for reflections poster children of
Then children up to the age of six were put in jail. On May 2, a turning point came when the entire city became a battleground between police and protesters.
Police also beat protesters Police dogs on demonstrators to pull the clothes The protest ended with police brutality, but the city’s white shopkeepers responded with patience
Blacks boycotted their shops
Due to which their businesses were closing down
These shopkeepers promised to stop discriminating against blacks Thus Martin Luther succeeded in Birmingham through peaceful struggle despite the worst police brutality.
Martin joined another movement
These students called themselves Freedom Riders and traveled in buses At each bus stop, whites would sit in protest in a special Vatican room Whites tortured them, their buses were set on fire, they were assassinated, but they did not give up. Martin also accompanied the students one night while attending a Freedom Riders meeting at the church. So he was attacked. White racists gathered outside the church and started throwing stones and bottles. But Martin and his associates were not outraged He remained calm and sang that we would be successful
The last group went back tired
Now the black movement had spread throughout the United States
Then this movement got the success it had been waiting for for years On June 11, 1963, President Kennedy asked Congress to introduce Civil Rights Kabul to give blacks their rights.
It was a great achievement for blacks Martin held a rally in Washington, D.C., in support of the bill
And here he fulfilled his dream
On August 28, 1963, in front of the Kaden Lincoln Memorial, there was a sea of 250,000 Americans Martin began his speech but could not finish it
Suddenly, the crowd raised the voice of Mahalia Jackson, an American singer and close associate of Luther.
“Tell people about the dream,” he said
Then Luther told that dream to the people
He said it was a dream that one day the children of former masters and the children of former slaves would gather in the red mountains of Georgia.
And they will have brotherhood
One day my little ones will be recognized not by their color but by their character These words of Martin Luther became history
And his dream became the dream of every black man who wanted to be saved from justice
That day, Martin and his companions went to the White House
He also met with US President John F. Kennedy But there was also a tragedy in giving rights to blacks On November 22, 1963, US President John F. Kennedy was assassinated
But the bill was passed by his successor, London B. Johnson July 2, 1964 was an important day for blacks
On that day, US President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Bill.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was specially invited to the White House on the day the bill was signed Martin won the war for the rights of blacks through a peaceful struggle
He deserved the Nobel Prize
And he got this combination Martin was awarded the Nobel Prize in October, a few months after Bill passed Along with the Nobel Prize, he also received a prize money of 54,000
Which he donated to the Civil Rights Group Martin Luther King’s struggle did not end with the passage of the Civil Light Bill
Rather, it took a new turn In March 1965, Martin Luther marched to Montgomery, Alabama, with 25,000 people to give blacks the right to vote.
Because of this march, on August 6, 1965, President Johnson also signed the Voting Rights Bill
Martin Luther King was also present at the ceremony
Under the Act, blacks were given the condition to become voters unconditionally
But before that, they had to pass an educational test to become voters When the issue of black voting and rights ended, Martin launched a war on poverty And arrived in Chicago
One million blacks lived in Chicago But all the good jobs were with whites Blacks were forced to work hard
Martin also held several rallies in Chicago
He was once beaten by a group of racists But he persevered in his struggle And forced the mayor in the city to stop discriminating in jobs
Meanwhile, Martin had moved to Chicago with his family He rented a four-room apartment instead of a covered area So that her children can be aware of the plight of poor blacks
He kept repairing his new apartment He, along with boxer Muhammad Ali, also spoke out against the Vietnam War But the name of the war was more than the eradication of poverty in the United States So in 1968, Martin asked Congress to set aside 30 billion for poverty alleviation He also announced a march to New York to fulfill his demand And began to gather his supporters But in the meantime, sanitation workers in Memphis, Denise, went on strike to protest the lack of facilities.
He started his movement in the name of man
Which the army called to crush Now Martin Memphis has arrived Martin joined the Sandy Worker movement Then he could not return from this city alive Martin Luther King, Jr. joined the Sanitary Workers’ Movement, calling it part of poverty
He received death threats but did not heed
At six o’clock on the evening of April 4, he was standing on the balcony of his hotel
Suddenly a bullet went straight into his neck Martin Garaad was standing next to his companion. He shouted at the killer but ran away.
An hour later, Martin died at the hospital Martin Luther King, Jr. was a black hero
When the news of his death spread, riots broke out
Blacks set fire to buildings and cars and looted stores The riots killed 40 people and injured thousands Troops have been deployed to quell riots in Washington and Chicago The US government announced on April 7 that it would mourn Martin’s death Martin Luther King’s assassin was a white James Earl Ray He was arrested on June 8 at London’s Ethereum Airport
He was sentenced to 99 years in prison
He died in prison in 1998 Martin Luther King’s coffin was taken to his native Atlanta
His last rites were performed
He is buried in Atlanta’s South View Cemetery
But his remains were later transferred to the King’s Center
His wife Rita King was also buried here.
Next to it is the Martin Luther King Historic Park The park also houses Luther’s ancestral home and church The Martin Luther King Memorial is located in Washington, D.C.