Who was Martin Luther King?(2021)

Who was Martin Luther King?

Who was Martin Luther King?Who was Martin Luther King?
In this article we tell you who Martin Luther King Jr. was and how he fought and won the war for the rights of black Americans.
And after this war he was beaten.

Rosa Parks, a black woman, boarded a bus in the US state of Alabama on December 1, 1955.
Shortly afterwards, a white man arrived on the bus and the driver told Rosa Parks to vacate the seat.

The driver turned Roger over to the police.
The incident made the city’s black leaders realize that they should fight for their rights, not fear.

Among those leaders was Martin Luther King, Jr., a Georgia-based black church leader.

Martin Luther had faced this injustice with Rosa Parks many times.
He appealed to blacks to boycott buses.
Blacks did the same and started walking instead of sitting in buses.

Martin was also arrested for the boycott, but he did not give up.
The boycott lasted for a year. The boycott drove the transporter bankrupt.
Eventually the transporter took Harman

They agreed that no white person would pick up a black person from a bus seat.
The boycott ended after the transporter’s assurance
Martin had his own car, but he got on the bus as a symbol of black victory
Martin Luther King won the first battle against racism
Martin Luther King Jr. fought this battle on the principle of Mahatma Gandhi, the principle of non-violence.

He considered Mahatma Gandhi as his role model

After this success, Luther formed a civil group
Called the Southern Christian Church Leaders Conference
Which was called SCLC.
From this platform, Martin Luther King, Jr. fought a never-ending battle for blacks.

In this struggle he had to travel to many American cities

And he would get a new challenge in every city

The Lincoln Memorial is located near the Washington DC White House

It features a giant statue of Lincoln

On May 17, 1957, Martin Luther King addressed thousands of people in front of the statue
In his address, Martin Luther King, Jr. called on then-US President Eisenhower to play a role in giving equal rights to blacks in the United States.
Eisenhower did not comply with Martin’s request, but Luther did not give up.

He spoke out for the rights of blacks
In 1959 he moved to Atlanta, his hometown of Georgia
The city was also the headquarters of his civil rights organization
In Atlanta, Martin joined a student movement

Black and sympathetic white students started a movement
Students from this movement would go to department stores and sit at counters reserved for whites.

The point was to show that it is wrong to have separate counters for whites
The operation took place in several US cities, but police began arresting the students

Martin Luther was also arrested on October 19, 1960, at a department store
When presented to the judge, he said the protest was to draw attention to racial injustice.

Martin was released five days later, but was re-arrested on May 4 for driving under the influence

His legs were chained and he was taken to a prison two miles away
Proponents of her case have been working to make the actual transcript of this statement available online
But fortunately for Martin, elections were taking place in the United States in those days

Both presidential candidates appealed to Martin for help

Kennedy was ready to help Martin
John F. Kennedy’s brother, a lawyer, called the judge and released Martin on bail
Martin’s bail made the majority of blacks support John F. Kennedy

He also voted in the presidential election

Martin is released. The lunch counter movement has resumed
Separate counters for whites and blacks were eventually abolished in several US cities.

Martin won another black battle peacefully
Martin then chose a city for his movement whose police were always ready to crush the black movement.
Bill Corner was the Commissioner of Police in the Birmingham area of ​​Alabama

This man was notorious for his racism

He also openly threatened protesters

Martin started the movement when police pounced on protesters on the order of virgins

Police also charged batons and used dogs to intimidate him

500 people, including women, were sent to jail

Dogs were also released on those marching towards Costa Hall on April 6
Then, during a demonstration, Martin was caught by Connor

He arrested Martin and put him in a cell
There was no possibility of light coming in except for a small lighthouse

Martin spent a week in prison
During this time he wrote a letter to his supporters

He did not have paper so he kept writing on toilet paper and blank pages of newspaper.

“People should break unjust laws,” he wrote

But we must also be prepared to be punished for breaking the law
The cell in which Martin was imprisoned has been rebuilt and preserved.

Martin came out a week later, but the police brutality was growing
Police took away an opportunity for reflections poster children of

Then children up to the age of six were put in jail.
On May 2, a turning point came when the entire city became a battleground between police and protesters.

Police also beat protesters
Police dogs on demonstrators to pull the clothes
The protest ended with police brutality, but the city’s white shopkeepers responded with patience

 Martin Luther King

Blacks boycotted their shops

Due to which their businesses were closing down

These shopkeepers promised to stop discriminating against blacks
Thus Martin Luther succeeded in Birmingham through peaceful struggle despite the worst police brutality.

Martin joined another movement

These students called themselves Freedom Riders and traveled in buses
At each bus stop, whites would sit in protest in a special Vatican room
Whites tortured them, their buses were set on fire, they were assassinated, but they did not give up.
Martin also accompanied the students one night while attending a Freedom Riders meeting at the church.
So he was attacked. White racists gathered outside the church and started throwing stones and bottles.
But Martin and his associates were not outraged
He remained calm and sang that we would be successful

The last group went back tired

Now the black movement had spread throughout the United States

Then this movement got the success it had been waiting for for years
On June 11, 1963, President Kennedy asked Congress to introduce Civil Rights Kabul to give blacks their rights.

It was a great achievement for blacks
Martin held a rally in Washington, D.C., in support of the bill

And here he fulfilled his dream

On August 28, 1963, in front of the Kaden Lincoln Memorial, there was a sea of ​​250,000 Americans
Martin began his speech but could not finish it

Suddenly, the crowd raised the voice of Mahalia Jackson, an American singer and close associate of Luther.

“Tell people about the dream,” he said

Then Luther told that dream to the people

He said it was a dream that one day the children of former masters and the children of former slaves would gather in the red mountains of Georgia.

And they will have brotherhood

One day my little ones will be recognized not by their color but by their character
These words of Martin Luther became history

And his dream became the dream of every black man who wanted to be saved from justice

That day, Martin and his companions went to the White House

He also met with US President John F. Kennedy
But there was also a tragedy in giving rights to blacks
On November 22, 1963, US President John F. Kennedy was assassinated

But the bill was passed by his successor, London B. Johnson
July 2, 1964 was an important day for blacks

On that day, US President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Bill.

Martin Luther King, Jr. was specially invited to the White House on the day the bill was signed
Martin won the war for the rights of blacks through a peaceful struggle

He deserved the Nobel Prize

And he got this combination
Martin was awarded the Nobel Prize in October, a few months after Bill passed
Along with the Nobel Prize, he also received a prize money of 54,000

Which he donated to the Civil Rights Group
Martin Luther King’s struggle did not end with the passage of the Civil Light Bill

Rather, it took a new turn
In March 1965, Martin Luther marched to Montgomery, Alabama, with 25,000 people to give blacks the right to vote.

Because of this march, on August 6, 1965, President Johnson also signed the Voting Rights Bill

Martin Luther King was also present at the ceremony

Under the Act, blacks were given the condition to become voters unconditionally

But before that, they had to pass an educational test to become voters
When the issue of black voting and rights ended, Martin launched a war on poverty
And arrived in Chicago

One million blacks lived in Chicago
But all the good jobs were with whites
Blacks were forced to work hard

Martin also held several rallies in Chicago

Martin Luther King racists

He was once beaten by a group of racists
But he persevered in his struggle
And forced the mayor in the city to stop discriminating in jobs

Meanwhile, Martin had moved to Chicago with his family
He rented a four-room apartment instead of a covered area
So that her children can be aware of the plight of poor blacks

He kept repairing his new apartment
He, along with boxer Muhammad Ali, also spoke out against the Vietnam War
But the name of the war was more than the eradication of poverty in the United States
So in 1968, Martin asked Congress to set aside 30 billion for poverty alleviation
He also announced a march to New York to fulfill his demand
And began to gather his supporters
But in the meantime, sanitation workers in Memphis, Denise, went on strike to protest the lack of facilities.

He started his movement in the name of man

Which the army called to crush
Now Martin Memphis has arrived
Martin joined the Sandy Worker movement
Then he could not return from this city alive
Martin Luther King, Jr. joined the Sanitary Workers’ Movement, calling it part of poverty

He received death threats but did not heed

At six o’clock on the evening of April 4, he was standing on the balcony of his hotel

Martin Luther King in hotel

Suddenly a bullet went straight into his neck
Martin Garaad was standing next to his companion. He shouted at the killer but ran away.

An hour later, Martin died at the hospital
Martin Luther King, Jr. was a black hero

When the news of his death spread, riots broke out

Blacks set fire to buildings and cars and looted stores
The riots killed 40 people and injured thousands
Troops have been deployed to quell riots in Washington and Chicago
The US government announced on April 7 that it would mourn Martin’s death
Martin Luther King’s assassin was a white James Earl Ray
He was arrested on June 8 at London’s Ethereum Airport

James Earl Ray

He was sentenced to 99 years in prison

He died in prison in 1998
Martin Luther King’s coffin was taken to his native Atlanta

His last rites were performed

He is buried in Atlanta’s South View Cemetery

But his remains were later transferred to the King’s Center

His wife Rita King was also buried here.

MARTN LOTHER KING HOUSE

Next to it is the Martin Luther King Historic Park
The park also houses Luther’s ancestral home and church
The Martin Luther King Memorial is located in Washington, D.C.

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